Volume 6, Issue 1 ( Summer 2020)                   SJNMP 2020, 6(1): 47-57 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Omidpoor A, Baradaran M, Ranjbar Noshari F. Evaluation of the Effects of Gratitude Training on Empathy and Communication Skills of Female Adolescents. SJNMP 2020; 6 (1) :47-57
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-313-en.html
1- Payame Noor University of Astaneh Ashrafie, Rasht, Iran
2- Payame Noor University of Astaneh Ashrafie, Rasht, Iran , Baradaran13982020@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2222 Views)
Background & Aim: Adolescence is a very sensitive and important stage and has several unique features. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of gratitude training on empathy and communication skills of female adolescents.
Materials & Methods: This experimental research was performed using a pre-test and post-test research design with a control group. The statistical population included 3258 eighth-grade female students in Rasht, Iran in the academic year of 2019-2020. In total, 40 individuals were selected and randomly divided into two test and control groups. Data were collected using the communication skills questionnaire by Quinn Dam (2004), the empathy questionnaire by Juliff & Farrington (2006), and Emmons & McCullough’s appreciation training questionnaire (2003). Moreover, data analysis was performed using a multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: In this study, the results were indicative of the effectiveness of gratitude training on improved empathy and communication skills of female adolescents (P<0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, empathy and communication skills are among the unique features of adolescents, which can be improved by gratitude training.
Full-Text [PDF 777 kb]   (1249 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/18 | Revised: 2020/06/6 | Accepted: 2020/04/10 | Published: 2020/06/30 | ePublished: 2020/06/30

References
1. Isık E, Bulduk S. Psychometric Propertise of the Differentiation of Self Inventory -Revised in Turkish Adults. J Mari Family Ther. 2015;41(1):102-112. [DOI:10.1111/jmft.12022]
2. Ferdosi SZ. Comparison of self-differentiation in adolescents with single parent (parent-mother) and nuclear family structure. J Rec Adv Behav Sci. 2016;2:13-25. [In Persian]
3. Milot Travers AS, Mahalik JR. Positive youth development as a protective factor for adolescents at risk for depression and alcohol use. Appl Dev Sci. 2019;32(11):1-10. [DOI:10.1080/10888691.2019.1634569]
4. Narimani M, Ranlbar MJ. The role of loneliness and family cohesion in adolescents' tendency to use traumatic cell phones. J Commun Res. 2016;23(2):45-62. [In Persian]
5. Khajeaddin N, Riyahi F, Izadi S. Investigating the Relationship between Communication Skills and Marital Satisfaction in Married Students of Psychology and Counseling. J Gent Stu Sci. 2011;2(2):55-61. [In Persian]
6. Petrovici A, Dobrescu T. The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Building Interpersonal Communication Skills. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2017;12(6):116-140.
7. Stocks EL, Lishner DA, Decker SK. Altruism or psychological escape: Why does empathy promote prosocial behavior? Eur J Soc Psychol. 2090;39(5):649-65. [DOI:10.1002/ejsp.561]
8. Mohammadi Z, Amiri SH. Comparison of Emotional Perspective and Empathy in Bullying and Bullying Victims. J Chi Ment Health. 2016;3(1):19-27. [In Persian]
9. Catalano RF, Skinner ML, Alvarado G, Kapungu C, Reavley N, Patton GC, Sawyer, SM. Positive youth development programs in low-and middle-income countries: a conceptual framework and systematic review of efficacy. J Adol Health. 2019;65(1):15-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.01.024]
10. Morelli SA, Lieberman MD, Zaki J. The emerging study of positive empathy. Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2015;9(2):57-68. [DOI:10.1111/spc3.12157]
11. Bartlett MY, DeSteno D. Gratitude and Prosocial Behavior: Helping When It Costs You. J Psy Sci. 2016;17(4):319-325. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01705.x]
12. Kadkhodazade SH, Mehrabi H, Kalantari M. Predicting gratitude based on spiritual health, social support, and stress in adolescent girls. J Psy Reli. 2015;8(1):99-114. [In Persian]
13. Markow K, Klenke W. Gratitude predicts psychological well-being above the Big Five facets. Pers Individ Differ. 2016;46(4):443-447. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.012]
14. Azarghon H, Kajbaf MB, Ghomrani A. Effectiveness of gratitude training package on happiness and life expectancy of couples. J Fam Stud 2018;14(53):23-37. [In Persian]
15. Lee S. Effect of Gratitude Training Program on Dental Hygiene Students' Gratitude Disposition, Self-Esteem, and Happiness. J Dent Hyg Sci. 2017;17(5):405-412. [DOI:10.17135/jdhs.2017.17.5.405]
16. Baran CN, Sanders J. Communication Skills: Delivering Bad News, Conducting a Goals of Care Family Meeting, and Advance Care Planning. J Prim Care. 2019;46(3):353-372. [DOI:10.1016/j.pop.2019.05.003]
17. Shekhaleslami A, Yadalahi E, Mohammadi N. Predicting Aggressive Adolescent Aggression Based on Problem Solving Strategies and Communication Skills. J Health Soc Sci. 2017;4(3):209-219. [In Persian]
18. Jolliffe D, Farrington DP. Examining the relationship between low empathy and bullying. J Aggress Behav. 2006;32:1-11. [DOI:10.1002/ab.20154]
19. Gholestani F, Shahani Yaylagh M, Behroozi N, Omidiyan M. The Effect of Bullying Prevention Training on Adjustment, Empathy, and Bullying in High School Girls in Ahwaz. J Cog Stra Learn. 2017;5(8):183-204. [In Persian]
20. Abbasi GH, Montazer A. The relationship between gratitude, humor and social support with marital satisfaction in nurses. J Health Care. 2019;21(1):34-43. [In Persian] [DOI:10.29252/jhc.21.1.34]
21. Parooi M, Moradi A, Kazemi SA, Bastami M, Sanambari F. Investigating the dimensions of empathy with neutral situations in immigrant adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder. J Psychiatr Nurs. 2018;6(1):8-17. [In Persian]
22. Crumpler Y, Wood M. The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, anddepression: Two longitudinal studies. J Res Per. 2014;42:854-871. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003]
23. Khodabakhsh MR. The Relationship between Attachment Styles and Empathy in Nursing Students. J Nurs Care Res Cent Teh Uni Medi Sci. 2012;25(77):40-49. [In Persian]
24. Ranjbar J, Tarkhan M, Taher M, Hosseinkhanzade A, Esapoor M. The Effectiveness of Communication Skills Training on Self-concept and Loneliness in Students with Hearing Impairment. J Sch Psychol. 2015;4(2):39-54. [In Persian]
25. Sepahvandi S, Sahebzamani M, Farahani HA. The Impact of Role-Playing Storytelling on Children's Communication and Social Skills. J Fou. 2019;21(1):25-37. [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb