Volume 6, Issue 2 (Autumn 2020)                   SJNMP 2020, 6(2): 31-42 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahmani K, Ebrahimi M, Abdi N. Assessment of General Health and Sleep Quality of Nurses in Educational Hospitals of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, 2018. SJNMP 2020; 6 (2) :31-42
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-321-en.html
1- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
2- kurdistan university of medical sciences , abdi_nasrin@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2114 Views)
Background & Aim: Nurses are prone to a variety of sleep disorders due to the nature of their job and different work shifts. This study aimed to evaluate the general health and sleep quality of fixed and rotating shift nurses at training hospitals of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2018.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive and analytical study was performed on 250 nurses selected using the convenience method. Data were collected using the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). In addition, data analysis was performed in SPSS version 20 using Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA.
Results: In this study, the mean age of participants was 31.94±5.17. Overall, 140 participants (56%) had a favorable general health status. In addition, 227 nurses (90.8%) had unfavorable sleep quality while only 23 participants (9.2%) had favorable sleep quality. The results were indicative of a significant relationship between nurses’ sleep quality and their general health level (P<0.007). Moreover, a significant correlation was found between sleep quality and the variables of age (P<0.001), work experience (P<0.002), work shifts (P<0.0001), and type of employment (P=0.012). Furthermore, a significant difference was observed between the general health of the participants and the variables of marital status (P<0.0001), work shifts (P<0.0001), and type of employment (P<0.0001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, unfavorable sleep quality had a negative effect on the general health of nurses. Therefore, it is recommended that regular programs be designed by hospital officials to monitor nurses' sleep quality.
Full-Text [PDF 761 kb]   (945 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/04/12 | Revised: 2020/09/20 | Accepted: 2020/07/11 | Published: 2020/08/31 | ePublished: 2020/08/31

1. Memarian R. Application of nursing concepts and theories. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University Pub; 2000; 58(2): 99-107. [Persian]
2. Mehrabi T, Ghazavi Z. Comparing of nursing woman general health in isfahan university educational hospitals. Journal of Hygiene and Health. 2005; 1(2): 1-5. [Persian]
3. Sulivan E, Decker P. Effective management in nursing. NewYork: Wesley; 1992.
4. Harrington JM. Health effects of shift work and extended hours of work. Occup Enviro Med 2001;58(5): 68-72. [DOI:10.1136/oem.58.1.68]
5. Amir Aliakbari S, Bolouri B, Sadegh Niat Haghighi KH, Alavi Majd H. Relation between sleep disorders in the last month of of delivery in women referring to health centers at Saghez. Faculty of Nursing of Midwifery Quarterly Fall 2006; 16(54): 35-42. [Persian]
6. Takeyama H, Kubo T, Itani T.The nighttime nap strategies for improving night shift work in workplace. Industrial Health 2005; 43(1): 24-9. [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.43.24]
7. Potter PA, Perry AG. fundamental of nursing. 2nd.ed, St. Louis, Mosby 2005; 605-7.
8. Arimura M, Imai M, Okawa M, Fujimura T, Yamada N. Sleep, mental health status, and medical errors among hospital nurses in Japan. Industrial Health 2010; 48(6): 811. [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.MS1093]
9. Jalalmanesh S, Hojati H, Fesharaki M.Sleeplessness effect on the general health of hospitals nightshift nurses in Gorgan. J Gorgan Uni Med Sci 2009; 11 (3): 70-5. [Persian]
10. Landrigan CP, Rothschild JM, Cronin JW, Kaushal R, Burdick E, Katz JT, et al. Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units. N Engl J Med 2004; 351(18): 1838-48. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa041406]
11. Ghaljaei F, Naderifar M, Ghaljeh M. Comparison of general health status and sleep quality between nurses with fixed working shifts and nurses with rotating working shifts. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 13(1): 47-50. [Persian]
12. Bajraktarov S, Novotni A, Manusheva N, Nikovska DG, Miceva-Velickovska E, Zdraveska N, et al. Main effects of sleep disorders related to shift work-opportunities for preventive programs. journal of predictive, preventive and personalized medicine.2011; 2(4): 365-70. [DOI:10.1007/s13167-011-0128-4]
13. Franzen PL, Buysse DJ, Dahl RE, Thompson W, Siegle GJ. Sleep deprivation alters pupillary reactivity to emotional stimuli in healthy young adults. Biol Psychol 2009; 80(3): 300-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2008.10.010]
14. Suzuki K, Ohida T, Kaneita Y, Yokoyama E,Miyake T, Harano S, et al. Mental health status, shift work, and occupational accidents among hospital nurses in Japan. J Occup Health 2004; 46(6): 448-54. [DOI:10.1539/joh.46.448]
15. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott and Williams Wilkins:2006
16. Admine of Shahid Chamran Hospital. Evaluation on the effects of night shift on nursing malpractice and the ways of prevention. 2009; Available from: http://www.chamranhospital.ir/ Lists/Events/DispForm.aspx?ID=31. July 10, 2013.
17. Goldberg D. Manual of general health questionnaire.United Kingdom: Newer-Nelson Publishing Company; 1978.
18. Dadsetan P. Stress: The disease of new century. Tehran: Growth Publisher; 1999: 73-75.
19. Takahashi M, Fukuda H, Miki K, et al. Shift work-related problems in 16-h night shift nurses: Effects on subjective symptoms, physical activity, heart rate and sleep. Industrial Health. 1999; 37(2): 228-36. [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.37.228]
20. Soleimany M, Masoodi R, Sadeghi T, Bahrami N, Ghorban M, Hassanpoor A. General health and its association with sleep quality in two groups of nurses with and without shift working in educational centers of Iran University of Medical Sciences. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2008; 10 (3):70-75
21. Rahimpoor F, Saeedi F, Fazli A, Mohammadi S. The relationship of Sleep Quality and General Health in shift working Nurses. Tibbi- i- kar, a Quarterly Journal. 2013; 4 (4):8-13
22. Suzuki K, Ohida T, Kaneita Y, et al. Mental health status, shift work, and occupational accidents among hospital nurses in Japan. J Occup Health 2004; 46(6): 448-54. [DOI:10.1539/joh.46.448]
23. bahri N, Shamshri M, Moshki M, Mogharab M. The survey of sleep quality and its relationship to mental health of hospital nurses. Iran occupational health. 2014; 11 (3):96-104
24. Hojati H, Jalalmanesh S, Fesharaki M. Sleeplessness effect on the general health of hospitals nightshift nurses in Gorgan, Iran. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2009; 11 (3):70-75
25. Bagheri H, Shahabi Z, Ebrahimi H, et al. The association between quality of sleep and healthrelated quality of sleep life in nurses. Hayat. 2006; 12(4): 13-20. [Persian]
26. Gustafsson E, Kritz EI, Bogren IK. Selfreported sleep quality, strain and health in relation to perceived working conditions in females. Scand J Caring Sci. 2002; 16(2):179-87. [DOI:10.1046/j.1471-6712.2002.00078.x]
27. Hosseini F, Fasihi Harandi T, Kazemi M, Rezaeian M, Hosseini R. The Relationship between Sleep Quality and General Health of Nurses in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2012. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2013; 12 (10):843-854.
28. Afkham Ebrahimi A, Ghale Bandi M.F, Salehi M, Kafian Tafti A.R, Vakili Y, Akhlaghi Farsi E.E. Sleep Parameters and the Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Patients Attending Selected Clinics of Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital. J Iran Univ Med Sci 2008; 15(58):31-38. [Persian]
29. RahmatiM, Rahmani S, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, Fathollahzadeh F, Gharibnavaz P. Investigation of Relationship between Quality of Sleep and Mental Health of Rehabilitation Sciences students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences 1391-92. 43(1): 150-33/156.
30. Ghanei,HemmatiMaslakpak M,Rezaei K,BaghiV,MakkiB.Nurising student quality of sleep in dormitory of urmia university of medical sciences.Journal of Uremia NursingMidwiferyFeculty.2011;9(4):277-820. [Persian]
31. Spoormaker VI. Depression and anxiety complaints, relations with sleep disturbances. Eur Psychiat 2005; 20:243-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2004.11.006]
32. Dogon O, Ertekin S, Dogan S. Sleep quality in hospitalized patients. J Clin Nurs 2005; 14(1):107- 13. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01011.x]
33. Hayati Y, Rahmani H, Arab M. Assessing General Health of Staff Affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospital and Its Related Factors in 2014. Journal of hosp. 2017; 16 (3):104-110
34. Cooper EE. Pieces of the shortage puzzle: aging and shift work. Nurs Econ. 2003 Mar-Apr;21(2):75-79.
35. Jabbarzade S. [Effact night shift work for nurses and midwives] The national conference on occupational hazards medicine para medicine. Dezfull, Iran. 2007: 171. [Persian]
36. Thomas F, Hopkins RO, Handrahan DL, Walker J, Carpenter J. Sleep and Cognitive Performance of Flight Nurses after Hour Evening versus 18-HourShifts. Air Med J 2006; 25(5): 216-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.amj.2006.06.005]
37. Portela LF, Rotenberg L, Waissmann W. Selfreported health and sleep complaints among nursing personnel working under 12 h night and day shifts. Chronobiol Int 2004; 21(6): 859-70 [DOI:10.1081/CBI-200038513]
38. Noori S, Deghanan E, Bagheri H and Shahabi Z. Survey correlation sleep quality general health. Proceeding of the 4th health nursing congress; 2004 Apr 3-5; Tehran, Iran.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb