Volume 7, Issue 1 (Summer 2021)                   SJNMP 2021, 7(1): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zare Z, Dortaj F, Sheivandi K. The Effectiveness of Positive Psychology Education and its Effect on Working Memory and Cognitive Flexibility of Women Graduates of Farhangian University of Tehran. SJNMP 2021; 7 (1) :1-11
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-374-en.html
1- Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , dortaj.atu.ac@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1380 Views)
Background & Aim: Today, the main task of positivist psychology is to measure, understand and then build capabilities in human beings, create social virtues and ultimately help guide a person towards a better life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of positive psychology education and its effect on working memory and cognitive flexibility of women graduates of Farhangian University of Tehran.
Materials & Methods: The type of this experimental study was a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population included all 138 female graduate teachers in the field of psychology from Farhangian University of Tehran in 2017 and 2018. To select the sample population, 40 teachers who were interested in participating in the study were selected by available sampling method and then randomly divided into two experimental groups (20 people) and control (20 people) and entered. Were studied. Daneman & Carpenter (1980) and Dennis and Vanderwall (2010) Cognitive Flexibility Questionnaire were used to collect data. The experimental group was exposed to 10 sessions of 90-minute psychotherapy training intervention with a positive psychology approach. No training was provided for the control group. Analysis of covariance and Spss24 software were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that positive psychotherapy package training was effective on working memory (P˂0.001). Positive psychotherapy package training was effective on cognitive flexibility (P˂0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the use of the educational package of positive psychology is an effective way to increase working memory and cognitive flexibility.
Full-Text [PDF 702 kb]   (840 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/30 | Revised: 2021/05/5 | Accepted: 2021/05/8 | Published: 2021/09/4 | ePublished: 2021/09/4

1. Gholabghiri SS, Maghol A, Naseri NS, Chrabin M. Designing the organizational excellence model of Farhangian University in the northeast of the country. Journal of Research in Educational Systems. 2020; 14(48): 59-74. [Persian]
2. Locozi A. Effective factors in better performance in students with learning disability. J Learn. 2016; 23(1): 45-53.
3. Alidousti N, Asghari K. The effectiveness of neurofeedback training on working memory of dyslexic students. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. 2016; 18(1): 105-121. [Persian]
4. Lum JAG, Ullman MT, Conti-Ramsden G. Procedural learning is impaired in dyslexia: Evidence from a meta-analysis of serial reaction time studies. Res Dev Disabil. 2014; 34(1): 3460-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.07.017]
5. Janeh M, Ebrahimi S, Alizadeh H. Investigating the executive functions of reasoning, planning-organizing and working memory in students with and without mathematical disorders in the primary school of Tehran province. Journal of Exceptional People Psychology. 2012; 2(5): 21-42. [Persian]
6. Mosayebi NV, Mirmahdi SR. The effectiveness of computer cognitive rehabilitation on improving working memory and reducing persistent attention deficit in children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Psychological Methods and Models. 2017; 8(3):105-24. [Persian]
7. Bernardo ABI, Presbitero A. Cognitive flexibility and cultural intelligence: Exploring the cognitive aspects of effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts. Int J Intercult Relat. 2018; 66(1): 12-21.
8. Akhavi Z, Ahmadi SH. Develop a model for predicting love trauma based on problem-solving styles mediated by cognitive flexibility in students. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2020; 19(5): 499-514. [Persian] [DOI:10.29252/jrums.19.5.499]
9. Marshall EJ, Brockman R. The Relationships between Psychological Flexibility, Self-Compassion, and Emotional Well-Being. J Cogn Psychother. 2016; 30(1): 60-72. [DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.30.1.60]
10. Lee JK, Orsillo SM. Investigating cognitive flexibility as a potential mechanism of mindfulness in Generalized Anxiety Disorder. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2014; 45(1): 208-216. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.10.008]
11. Moradzadeh F, Pirkhaefi A. The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on marital satisfaction and cognitive flexibility. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2017; 5(6): 1-7. [Persian] [DOI:10.21859/ijpn-05061]
12. Amato PR, Afifi TD. Feeling caught between parents: Adult children's relations with parents and subjective well-being. J Marriage Fam. 2016; 68(1): 222-35. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00243.x]
13. Aslanifar E. Comparison of the effectiveness of positivist group therapy and Adler group therapy on improving resilience and self-esteem of divorced women. PhD Thesis, General Psychology. Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch Tehran; 2016. [Persian]
14. Seligman M, Rashid T, Park N. Positive Psychology. American Psychologist. J Psy Sci. 2006; 25(1):1-24.
15. Taghavinia A. The effectiveness of positive education intervention on students' mental well-being. Journal of Cognitive Psychology and Psychiatry. 2019; 1: 125-137. [Persian]
16. Zare H, Sharifi AA, Hashamdar S. The effect of computer cognitive rehabilitation on the improvement of mild cognitive impairment and work capacity. Journal of Psychology. 2019; 23(4): 371-87. [Persian]
17. Mortazavi AA, Ahghar GH, Pirani Z, Heydari H, Hamidipour R. The effect of positive psychology training on self-efficacy and psychological hardiness of female students. Journal of Family and Research. 2019; 16(2): 67-82. [Persian]
18. Javanmard J, Rajaee A, Khosropour F. The effectiveness of group positive psychotherapy on the identity crisis of male and female high school students. Journal of Jiroft University of Medical Sciences. 2019; 6(1): 101-11. [Persian]
19. Anbara S, Fatahi A. The Effectiveness of Positive Psychology Intervention Training on Improving the Performance of Executive Functions Cognitive Flexibility, Inhibition, and Active Memory of Tabriz Azad University Students. Journal of Recent Advances in Behavioral Sciences. 2018; 24: 13-30. [Persian]
20. Ghasemi N. The effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on cognitive flexibility and pain self-efficacy in women with chronic pain. Journal of Anesthesia and Pain. 2018; 9(4): 1-14. [Persian]
21. Farnam A, Madadizadeh T. The effectiveness of positivity education on positive psychological states of female high school students. J Posit Psychol. 2017; 3(1): 61-76. [Persian]
22. Yilmaz H, Arslan C. Subjective well-being, positive and negative affect in Turkish university students. J Couns Edu. 2018; 2(2): 1-8.
23. Roth RA, Suldo SM, Ferron JM. Improving middle school students' subjective wellbeing: efficiency of a multicomponent positive psychology intervention targeting small groups of youth. J School Psych Rev. 2017; 46(1): 21-41. [DOI:10.17105/10.17105/SPR46-1.21-41]
24. Satici SA. Psychological vulnerability, resilience, and subjective well-being: The mediating role of hope. J Pers Individ Dif. 2016; 102: 68-73. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.057]
25. Daneman M, Carpenter PA. Individual Differences in Working Memory and Reading. J Verbal Learn Behav. 1980; 19(1): 450-66. [DOI:10.1016/S0022-5371(80)90312-6]
26. Dennis JP, Vanderwal JS. The cognitive flexibility inventory: Instrument development and estimates of reliability and validity. J Cog Therap Res. 2010; 34(3): 241-53. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-009-9276-4]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb