Volume 7, Issue 4 (spring 2022)                   SJNMP 2022, 7(4): 55-63 | Back to browse issues page

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vazifekhah S, fadavi S, mokhtarzadeh P. Determining influential paternal factors in the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women referred to the midwifery clinic of Shahid Motahari Hospital in Urmia, 2021. SJNMP 2022; 7 (4) :55-63
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-465-en.html
1- Maternal and Child Obesity Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (312 Views)
Background & Aim: Various researchers identified genetic, environmental, and epigenetic parameters as the pathogen of preeclampsia. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the influential paternal factors in the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women referred to the midwifery clinic of Shahid Motahari Hospital in Urmia, 2021.
Materials & Methods: In this retrospective case study, 49 pregnant women with preeclampsia were considered the case group, and 49 women without preeclampsia were considered the control group. The effect of various paternal factors such as smoking, duration of sex before pregnancy, occupation, Body Mass Index was examined. All nominal data were analyzed using the Chi-square test, and quantitative data were analyzed using the T-test in SPSS software.
Results: In the preeclampsia group, smoking (P = 0.04), body mass index (0.024 There was a statistically significant difference between education level (P = 0.042) and age in patients' spouses (P = 0.041). But the spouses' occupation (P = 0.08), place of residence (P = 0.71), duration of sex before pregnancy (P = 0.09), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (P= 0.06) were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: The present study showed that the father's decrease in education level, the father's high body mass index, smoking, and increasing the father's age are associated with an increase in the incidence of preeclampsia. Therefore, determining, measuring, and controlling these factors can be helpful in the prevention and early diagnosis of the disease.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/12/25 | Revised: 2022/06/21 | Accepted: 2022/05/31 | Published: 2022/05/31 | ePublished: 2022/05/31

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