Volume 8, Issue 1 (Summer 2022)                   SJNMP 2022, 8(1): 35-49 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadi F, takarli F, farhadyan M, khoshbakht R, shafiee A. The effect of group reminiscence on the quality of life in elderly. SJNMP 2022; 8 (1) :35-49
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-476-en.html
1- Nursing Office, Diputy Of Treatment, Hamadan University Of Medical Scienses, Hamadan,Iran
2- Instructor, Department Of Nursing, Tuyserkan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tuyserkan, Iran , ftakarli2013@gmail.com
3- Research Center for Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Tuyserkan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tuyserkan, Iran
5- uyserkan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tuyserkan, Iran
Abstract:   (236 Views)
Background & Aim: Improving the quality of life and its various aspects is important in the elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of group reminiscence on the quality of life of the elderly in Khorramabad.
Materials & Methods: In the present quasi-experimental study, the statistical population was all nursing homes in Khorramabad in 1400, which were selected using available sampling method and inclusion criteria and then randomly divided into two groups of 65 test and control. The instrument used was the Elderly Quality of Life Questionnaire (Leipad). Memory sessions were conducted during 8 sessions with the content of childhood and family life for the elderly in the intervention group. 1 month after the intervention, the quality of life questionnaire was completed again by both groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS-23 software and paired t-test, independent t-test and covariance.
Results: The quality of life score and its areas after the intervention in the experimental group were on average higher than before the intervention. Using paired t-test, this increase was statistically significant (p <0.05). Based on the results of independent t-test, a statistically significant difference was observed between the quality of life scores of the elderly in the experimental and control groups after the intervention (p <0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, this technique can be used simply and practically in all medical centers and care for the elderly or individually at home
Full-Text [PDF 1222 kb]   (144 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/04/15 | Revised: 2022/09/14 | Accepted: 2022/09/3 | Published: 2022/09/3 | ePublished: 2022/09/3

References
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12. Yousefi Z, Sharifi K, Tagharrobi Z, Akbari H. The effect of group reminiscence on happiness of the elderly. Evidence Based Care. 2014;4(3):33-46.
13. Alqam BM. The effects of reminiscence therapy on depressive symptoms among elderly: An evidence based review. Trauma & Acute Care. 2018;3(1):0-.
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15. Bazrafshan M-R, Jokar M, Soufi O, Delam H. The effect of structured group reminiscence on depression and anxiety of the elderly female hookah users. Journal of Substance Use. 2021:1-7.
16. Ashtari N, Pourebrahim T, Koolaee AK, A.Khoshkonesh, Khatiban M. The efficacy of group awareness training of premenstrual syndrome on psychological resilience and quality of life in female high school students. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty. 2015;23(1):63-73.
17. Ghasemi H, Harirchi M, Masnavi A, Rahgozar M, Akbarian M. Comparing quality of life between seniors living in families and institutionalized in nursing homes. Social Welfare Quarterly. 2011;10(39):177-200.
18. Lök N, Bademli K, Selçuk‐Tosun A. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognitive functions, depression, and quality of life in Alzheimer patients: Randomized controlled trial. International journal of geriatric psychiatry. 2019;34(1):47-53.
19. Moradinejad S, Sahbaee F, Nakavand M, Zare M. The Effect of Reminiscence Therapy on Elderly Mental Health. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2010;5(3):0-.
20. ghanbarpanah i, Fallahi Khoshknab M, maddah s, mohammadi f, Khodaee m. The Effects of the Group Reminiscence on Cognitive Status of Mild Cognitive Impaired Elders. Journal of Nursing Education. 2014;1(4):1-12.
21. Eshaghi SR, Shahsanai A, Ardakani MM. Assessment of the Physical Activity of Elderly Population of Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2011;29(147).
22. Naseh L, Shaikhy R, Rafiei H. General self-efficacy and associated factors among elderly residents of nursing home. Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery. 2016;26(2):90-7.
23. Rafiee Z, Momeni K. The Effectiveness of optimist memory telling on death anxiety and the sense of aging in elderly. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2018;12(2):69-75.
24. Ghofranipour F, Moshki M, Maddahi SE, Jafari Baghkheirati A. A comparative study on the effects of self-care program education run by health volunteers and health care staff on the elderly's quality of life. Elderly Health Journal. 2016;2(1):14-20.
25. Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M. Validation of the United States' version of the world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL) instrument. Journal of clinical epidemiology. 2000;53(1):1-12.
26. Şahin DS, Özer Ö, Yanardağ MZ. Perceived social support, quality of life and satisfaction with life in elderly people. Educational Gerontology. 2019;45(1):69-77.
27. Alexiou KI, Roushias A, Varitimidis SE, Malizos KN. Quality of life and psychological consequences in elderly patients after a hip fracture: a review. Clinical interventions in aging. 2018;13:143.
28. Siverová J, Bužgová R. The effect of reminiscence therapy on quality of life, attitudes to ageing, and depressive symptoms in institutionalized elderly adults with cognitive impairment: A quasi‐experimental study. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 2018;27(5):1430-9.
29. Taheri N, Cheraghian B, Hojjati H. Factors affecting quality of life among elderly living in nursing homes. Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2015;2(1):50-61.
30. Yaya S, Idriss-Wheeler D, Vezina M, Bishwajit G. Self-reported activities of daily living, health and quality of life among older adults in South Africa and Uganda: a cross sectional study. BMC geriatrics. 2020;20(1):1-11.
31. Cheng S-T, Chow PK, Edwin C, Chan AC. Leisure activities alleviate depressive symptoms in nursing home residents with very mild or mild dementia. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2012;20(10):904-8.
32. Yousefi Z, Sharifi K, Tagharrobi Z, Akbari H. The effect of group reminiscence on happiness of the elderly. Evidence Based Care. 2014;4(3):33-46.
33. Alqam BM. The effects of reminiscence therapy on depressive symptoms among elderly: An evidence based review. Trauma & Acute Care. 2018;3(1):0-.
34. Imanzadeh A, Hamrahzdeh M. Identification of facilitators and deterrents of the quality of life in elderly women and men: a phenomenological research. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2018;12(4):430-45.
35. Bazrafshan M-R, Jokar M, Soufi O, Delam H. The effect of structured group reminiscence on depression and anxiety of the elderly female hookah users. Journal of Substance Use. 2021:1-7.
36. Ashtari N, Pourebrahim T, Koolaee AK, A.Khoshkonesh, Khatiban M. The efficacy of group awareness training of premenstrual syndrome on psychological resilience and quality of life in female high school students. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty. 2015;23(1):63-73.
37. Ghasemi H, Harirchi M, Masnavi A, Rahgozar M, Akbarian M. Comparing quality of life between seniors living in families and institutionalized in nursing homes. Social Welfare Quarterly. 2011;10(39):177-200.
38. Lök N, Bademli K, Selçuk‐Tosun A. The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognitive functions, depression, and quality of life in Alzheimer patients: Randomized controlled trial. International journal of geriatric psychiatry. 2019;34(1):47-53.
39. Moradinejad S, Sahbaee F, Nakavand M, Zare M. The Effect of Reminiscence Therapy on Elderly Mental Health. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2010;5(3):0-.
40. ghanbarpanah i, Fallahi Khoshknab M, maddah s, mohammadi f, Khodaee m. The Effects of the Group Reminiscence on Cognitive Status of Mild Cognitive Impaired Elders. Journal of Nursing Education. 2014;1(4):1-12.

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