Volume 8, Issue 1 (Summer 2022)                   SJNMP 2022, 8(1): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

rahimzadegan S, Basharpour S, Mikaeili N, Narimani M. Predicting psychological adjustment to the Disease in cancer patients based on self-compassion and health locus of control. SJNMP 2022; 8 (1) :1-14
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-487-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , basharpoor_sajad@uma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (277 Views)
Background & Aims: Cancer is a threat to a person's life that can cause psychological problems and affect psychological adjustment to the disease. This study aimed to determinate the predict psychological adjustment to the illness in cancer patients based on self-compassion and health Locus of control.
Materials & Methods: The present study was descriptive and correlational research. The statistical population of the present study was all patients aged 18 to 65 years with breast, blood, stomach, and intestinal cancer referred to the oncology ward of Omid and Imam Khomeini hospitals in Urmia in The first half of the year 2021. 250 people (121 females and 129 males) were selected by the available sampling method. Data collection tools included the short form of the Cancer Adjustment Questionnaire, the Self-Compassion Scale, and the C Form of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale. Pearson correlation method, multiple regression analysis, were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that self-compassion has a significant positive relationship with psychological adjustment to illness (P <0.01) and health control center with psychological adjustment to illness (P <0.05), so that self-compassion with The beta coefficient of 0.572 at the level of P <0.01, positively and the health control center with the beta coefficient of 0.231 at the level of P <0.05, positively predict psychological adjustment to illness
Conclusion: The results of this study show that high self-compassion and having an internal center of health control, increases psychological adjustment to illness. Therefore, promoting self-compassion and teaching a responsible attitude and having a sense of control over the health and treatment process, can lead to adjustment to illness and improve the treatment process in these patients.
Full-Text [PDF 798 kb]   (142 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/05/28 | Revised: 2022/09/4 | Accepted: 2022/09/3 | Published: 2022/09/3 | ePublished: 2022/09/3

References
1. Azimzadeh N, Bayazi, MH, Shakerinasab M. The Relationship between Islamic Coping Methods and Psychological Well-Being with Adaptation and Pain Tolerance in Patients with Breast Cancer. J Hea Psyc. 2020; 9(33): 145-60. [Persian]
2. Paredes AC, Pereira MG. Spirituality, distress and posttraumatic growth in breast cancer patients. J Relig Health. 2018; 57(1):1606-1612. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-017-0452-7]
3. International agency for research on cancer. (2018). Available from: http://www.pezeshk.us/%D8%A8%D8%A7%DB%8C%DA%AF%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C/23020
4. Meadows RJ, Nolan TS, Paxton RJ. 2019. Spiritual health locus of control and life satisfaction among African American breast cancer survivors. J Psyc Onco. 2019; 20: 1-16. doi:10.1080/07347332.2019.1692988. [DOI:10.1080/07347332.2019.1692988]
5. Antoni MH, Diaz A, Taub C, Fisher H, Carver CS, Lippman M, and Blomberg BB. Brief stress management interventions after surgery improve psychological adaptation and immune cell signaling in breast cancer patients. J Behav Immunity. 2019; 76(1): 67-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2018.11.189]
6. Duman M, Durgun Ozan Y, Doğan Yüksekol Ö. Relationship between the religious attitudes of women with gynecologic cancer and mental adjustment to cancer. Palliat Supp Care. 2020;19(1): 62-8. [DOI:10.1017/S1478951520000619]
7. Neff KD. Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualizationof a healthy attitude toward oneself. J Self Iden. 2003; 2(4):85-101. [DOI:10.1080/15298860309032]
8. Arambasic J, Sherman KA, and Elder E. Attachment styles, self-compassion and psychological adjustment in long-term breast cancer survivors. J Psyc-Onco. 2019; 28(1): 1134-41. [DOI:10.1002/pon.5068]
9. Tavares LR, Vagos P, and Xavier A, The role of self-compassion in the psychological (mal) adjustment of older adults: a scoping review. Intern Psychogeriatrics. 2020; 22(1): 1-14. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610220001222]
10. Marton G, Pizzoli SFM, Vergani L, Mazzocco K, Monzani D, Bailo L, Pancani L, and Pravettoni G. Patients' health locus of control and preferences about the role that they want to play in the medical decision-making process. Psychology, J Heal Medic. 2021; 26(1): 260-66. [DOI:10.1080/13548506.2020.1748211]
11. Gibek K, and Sacha T. Comparison of health locus of control in oncological and non-oncological patients. Contem Onco. 2019; 23(2):115-20. [DOI:10.5114/wo.2019.85638]
12. Jafari M, Basharpoor S, Amiri N. Role of Anger and Health Locus of Control in Predicting Adjustment to Cancer. J Guil Uni Med Sci. 2019; 27(108):45-53. [Persian]
13. Nouri Delouei MR, and Kashani B. Targeted cancer treatment: A review article. J Teh Uni Med Scie. 2018; 76(4): 231-40.
14. Watson M, Greer S, Young J, Inayat Q, Burgess C, and Robertson B. Development of a questionnaire measure of adjustment to cancer: the MAC scale. Psycho Medic. 1988; 18(1): 203-209. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291700002026]
15. Patou M, Moradi A, Allahyari A A, Payandeh M. psychometric properties of the version of the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC) in patients with cancer. RPH. 2015; 9 (1):3-3. [Persian] [DOI:10.1037/t52297-000]
16. Wren AA, Somers TJ, Wright MA, Goetz MC, Leary MR, Fras AM, Huh BK, Rogers LL, Keefe FJ. Self-compassion in patients with persistent musculoskeletal pain: relationship of self-compassion to adjustment to persistent pain. Pain Sym Manage. 2012;43(4):759-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2011.04.014]
17. Khosravi S, Sadeghi M, & Yabandeh M. Psychometric Properties of Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Psycho meth models. 2014; 4(13):47-59. [Persian]
18. Wallston KA, Wallston BS, and DeVellis R. Development of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) Scales. Health Educ Monog. 1978; 6(1):160-70. [DOI:10.1177/109019817800600107]
19. Mani A, Ahsant N, Nakhl Parvar N, Asadi Pooya AA. The Investigation of the Properties of Form C Psychometrics from the Multidimensional Scale of the Locus of Health Control on Normal Adults. J Sadra Med Sci. 2019; 7(1):48-57. [Persian]
20. Gibek K, and Sacha T.Comparison of health locus of control in oncological and non-oncological patients. contem oncology. 2019; 23(2): 115-20. [DOI:10.5114/wo.2019.85638]
21. Shaun MB, and James RM; Physical Health, Self- Reliance, and Emotional Control as Moderators of the Relationship between Locus of Control and Mental Health among Men Treated for Prostate Cancer. Behav Med. 2006;29(6):561-72. [DOI:10.1007/s10865-006-9076-1]
22. Soltani Asl Heris S, Babapour Kheiraldin J, Poursharifi H, Bakhshipour Roodsari A, and Ghasemi A. The Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support and Locus of Control in the Relationship between Educational Level and Psychological Adjustment in Mothers of Pediatric Cancer Children. Rese Behav Sciences. 2020; 18(1):1-10. [Persian]
23. Wilski M, Brola W, and Tomczak M. Health locus of control and mental health in patients with multiple sclerosis: Mediating effect of coping strategies. Rese Nurs Health. 2019; 42(4): 296-305. [DOI:10.1002/nur.21955]
24. Aghamlaei T, Darsareh F, F Pourahmad Gerbandi F, and Ghanbarnejad A. The relationship between the health control center and health-promoting behaviors in high school students in Bandar Abbas. Preven medic. 2015 2(1):1-9. [Persian]
25. Boyle CC, Stanton AL, Ganz PA, Crespi CM, Bower JE. Improvements in emotion regulation following mindfulness meditation: Effects on depressive symptoms and perceived stress in younger breast cancer survivors. J Cons ClinicPsycho. 2017; 85(4): 397-402. [DOI:10.1037/ccp0000186]
26. Farokhi S, Rezaei F, and Gholamrezaei S. The effectiveness of cognitive self-compassion training on experiential avoidance and cognitive fusion in patients with chronic pain. J Positive Psych. 2017; 4(12):40-30. [Persian]
27. Karimpour Vazifehkhorani A, Bakhshipour Roodsari A, Kamali Ghasemabadi H, Etemadi Chardah N. Effectiveness of reward-based task on affective levels of depressed individuals. Iran J Psych Clin Psych. 2018; 24(1):6-15. [Persian] [DOI:10.29252/nirp.ijpcp.24.1.6]
28. Mousavi S, Goodarzi M, and Taghavi, SM. Prediction of Post Traumatic Growth based on Gratitude and Perceived Social Support in Women with Blood Cancer. J HealPsych. 2020; 8(30): 39-53. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb