Volume 8, Issue 2 (12-2022)                   SJNMP 2022, 8(2): 31-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mikaeili N, Rahimzadegan S, Taheri H. The role of perseverative thinking and Cognitive-attentional syndrome in predicting students' depression. SJNMP 2022; 8 (2) :31-43
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-515-en.html
1- Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , nmikaeili@uma.ac.ir
2- Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (1772 Views)
Background & Aim: Depression is a common problem among young people that can affect their mental health. This study aimed to investigate the role of perseverative thinking and Cognitive-attentional syndrome in predicting students' depression.
Materials & Methods: The current study is correlational. All students enrolled in the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili during the academic year 2021–2022 made up the research's statistical population. The research sample included 278 people selected by the cluster sampling method. The tools of this research included Ehring perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (2010), Wells' Cognitive-Attentional Syndrome Questionnaire (2009), and Beck Depression Questionnaire - Second Edition (1996). Analysis of the information obtained from the implementation of questionnaires, and was done through SPSS23 software and Pearson correlation and multiple regression methods.
Results: The research results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between perseverative thinking and depression (p<0.01) and between cognitive-attentional syndrome and depression (p<0.01) in students. Also, perseverative thinking and cognitive-attentional syndrome predict depression in students positively and significantly (p<0.01).
Conclusion: This research shows the important role of perseverative thinking and cognitive-attentional syndrome to prevent the development of depression.
Full-Text [PDF 613 kb]   (973 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/11/28 | Revised: 2022/12/25 | Accepted: 2022/12/7 | Published: 2022/12/7 | ePublished: 2022/12/7

1. Habibzadeh A, Beyki M, Porzoor P. The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Styles in Predicting student's mental Health and Academic Performance. Rooyesh. 2021; 10(7): 105-14. [Persian[
2. Rezaei F. & et al. American Psychiatric Association DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. fourth edition. Tehran. Aarjmand publications; 2016.
3. Shareinia H, Ghavidel A, Pasandi S, Farzam N, Ramezani M, Erfanpoor S et al. The Relationship Between Circadian Rhythm with Academic Performance, Stress, Anxiety and Depression Among Students of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences (ESMS). 2021; 14(5): 268-75. ]Persian[
4. Wahl K, Ehring T, Kley H, Lieb R, Meyer A, Kordon A & et al. Is repetitive negative thinking a transdiagnostic process? A comparison of key processes of RNT in depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and community controls. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2019; 64(1):45-53. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.02.006]
5. Zare Bargabadi M, Taghiloo S, Kakavand A. The relationship between the anxiety and depression with the mediation of referential thinking and perfectionism: Structural equation method. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2016; 18(Special Issue): 455-64. ]Persian[
6. Kakavand A, Keshavarz S, dashtdar H, Saed S. Model explanation of the relationship between generalized anxiety and perfectionism in Alborz University of medical sciences student with mediating role of referential thinking. Educational Development of Judishapur. 2020; 11(3): 485-94. ]Persian[
7. Harrison V, Moulds M. L, and Jones, K. Perceived social support and prenatal wellbeing; The mediating effects of loneliness and repetitive negative thinking on anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic, Journal of Women Birth. 2021; 12(1): 121-29.
8. Sandra M, Markus M, and Sebastian, T. The association between repetitive negative thinking and distress across mental disorders: Preliminary findings from an outpatient treatment-seeking sample. Journal of Psychiatry Research. 2022; 21(2): 114-24.
9. Soltani N, Goodarzi N, Amiri S. Study on the mental health status of the students of AJA University of medical science in 2017. NPWJM. 2018; 5(16): 25-30. ]Persian[
10. Ebrahemi S, Chalabianloo G. Evaluation of the Relationship between cognitive attentional syndrome with Mood Illusions in Students. Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty (SJNMP). 2019; 4(3): 35-43. ]Persian[
11. Sendi F, Ehteshamzadeh P, Asgary P, Kafie M. The relationship Cognitive Attentional Syndrome (CAS), with anxiety and depression in burned patients: the mediating role of coping styles. Journal of Health Psychology. 2017; 3(23): 74-91. ]Persian[
12. Nordahl H, & Wells A. Measuring the Cognitive Attentional Syndrome Associated with Emotional Distress: Psychometric Properties of the CAS-1. Journal of Cognitive Therapy. 2019; 12(1): 292-306. [DOI:10.1007/s41811-019-00056-4]
13. Ehring T. The Preservative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking. Journal of Behavior Therapy. 2010; 42(2), 225-32. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.12.003]
14. Ghaedi F, Shabankareh E, Moghadam Barzegar M. Differentiation of self and Repetitive negative thinking: The mediating role of learned helplessness. Two quarterly journals of social cognition. 2016; 5(1): 33-49. ]Persian[
15. Wells, A. Met cognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. New York. The Guilford Press; 2009.
16. Fergus T.A, Bardeen J.R, Orcutt H.K. Attention control moderates the relationship between activation of the cognitive intentional syndrome and symptoms of psychopathology. Journal of Individual Different. 2012; 53(3), 213-17. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2012.03.017]
17. Salmani B, Hasani J, Karami GR, Mohammad Khani S. Effectiveness of meta-cognitive therapy on cognitive attentional syndrome and cognitive emotion regulation strategies of patients suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 7(3): 245-54. ]Persian[
18. Beak A.T, Steer R.A, Brown G.k. Beck Depression Inventory for measuring depression. Journal Archives General psychiatry. 1996; (4): 561-571. [DOI:10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004]
19. Kabirnezhad S, Mahmoo Alilou M, Hashemi Nosrat Abadi T. Predicting changes of emotional processing indicators based on dysfunctional cognitions worry, perfectionism and disorder types. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2009; 1(1): 47-55.
20. Stern E. R, Eng G.K, De Nadai A.S, Iosifescu D, Tobe, R.H, and Collins K.A. Imbalance between default mode and sensorimotor connectivity is associated with perseverative thinking in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Translational Psychiatry. 2022; 12(1):19-25. [DOI:10.1038/s41398-022-01780-w]
21. Sorg S, Vogele C, Furka N. And Meyer- Andrea H. Perseverative Thinking in Depression and Anxiety. Journal of Frontiers in Psychology. 2012; 13(20): 1-7. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00020]
22. Momeni K, Radmehr, F. Effectiveness of metacognitive therapy on cognitive/attentional syndrome in female students with social anxiety disorder. Know rese applied psyc. 2020; 2(80): 32-42. ]Persian[
23. Batmaz S, Altinoz A.E, & Sonkurt H.O. Cognitive attentional syndrome and metacognitive beliefs as potential treatment targets for metacognitive therapy in bipolar disorder. World Journal of Psychiatry. 2021; 11(9): 589-604. [DOI:10.5498/wjp.v11.i9.589]
24. Stern E.R, Eng G.K, De Nadai A.S, Iosifescu D, Tobe R.H, and Collins K.A. Imbalance between default mode and sensorimotor connectivity is associated with perseverative thinking in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Translational Psychiatry. 2022; 12(1):19-25. [DOI:10.1038/s41398-022-01780-w]
25. Walczak M, Austgulen E, Kirsten L, & et al. Examining Changes in the Cognitive Attentional Syndrome and Attentional Control Following Metacognitive Therapy for Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Journal of Cognitive Therapy. 2021; 14(1) 639-55. [DOI:10.1007/s41811-021-00124-8]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb