Volume 9, Issue 1 (9-2023)                   SJNMP 2023, 9(1): 27-35 | Back to browse issues page

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Alishahi V, Mehrjerdian M, Vakili M A, Yaghoobi N. Prevalence and type of wound infection in burn patients admitted to 5 Azar Hospital in Gorgan in 2020 to 2021. SJNMP 2023; 9 (1) :27-35
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-552-en.html
1- Department of Surgery, Clinical Research Development Unit (CRDU), 5azar Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2- Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3- School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
4- Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , Niloofar.Yaghoobi.1994.jul@gmail.com
Abstract:   (208 Views)
Background & Aim: Burns are one of the most common problems worldwide. Burn wound in cases of hospital infection is one of the main causes of death of these patients. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and type of wound infection in burn patients admitted to 5 Azar Hospital in Gorgan.
Materials & methods: In this retrospective descriptive study, out of a total of 99 cases of patients with 2nd degree burns and above who were hospitalized, 62 cases were included in the study and 37 cases were excluded due to the death of the patients or incomplete information. Demographic information, underlying disease history, duration of hospitalization, percentage of burn, type of burn and type of infection were monitored with the help of HIS system and recorded in the checklist. Data were analyzed with SPSS22 software and mean, frequency, chi-score, Fisher's exact and U-Man-Whitney tests at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: Out of 62 patients, 55 (88.7%) patients had an infection and 7 (11.3%) patients did not have an infection. The most common cause of infection were Gram-negative bacteria (32.3%). Infection had a statistically significant relationship with the total length of hospitalization (p=0.009), burn percentage (p=0.004) and burn site in the upper limbs (p=0.022). Infection had no significant relationship with demographic characteristics including gender, previous history, age and body mass index.
Conclusion: The percentage of burns and the place of burns in the upper limbs and the duration of the patient's stay in the hospital are effective in causing and the rate of infection. As a result, reducing the time of the patient's stay in the hospital prevents the infection to some extent.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2023/06/11 | Revised: 2023/09/23 | Accepted: 2023/09/21 | Published: 2023/09/21 | ePublished: 2023/09/21

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