دوره 5، شماره 1 - ( تابستان 1398 )                   جلد 5 شماره 1 صفحات 35-50 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Atadokht A, Narimani M, Fallahian H. The role of Cognitive Avoidance, Meta-cognitive Beliefs and Cognitive Failures in Predicting the State-Trait Anxiety in Nurses. SJNMP. 2019; 5 (1) :35-50
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-233-fa.html
عطادخت اکبر، نریمانی محمد، فلاحیان حسین. نقش اجتناب شناختی، باورهای فراشناختی و نارسایی‌های شناختی در پیش‌بینی اضطراب حالت-صفت پرستاران. فصلنامه پرستاری، مامایی و پیراپزشکی. 1398; 5 (1) :35-50

URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-233-fa.html


1- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی
2- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی ، hossein.fallahian1364@gmail.com
چکیده:   (59 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: اختلال های اضطرابی اختلال هایی را در بر می گیرد که ویژگی مشترک آن‌ها ترس و اضطراب شدید و آشفتگی-های رفتاری مرتبط با آن است. پرستاران به علت دارا بودن شغل پرتنش، اضطراب و نگرانی بیشتری را تجربه می کنند. مطالعه حاضر به بررسی نقش اجتناب شناختی، باورهای فراشناختی و نارسایی‌های شناختی در پیش بینی علایم اضطراب حالت و اضطراب صفت پرستاران پرداخته است.
مواد و روش ها: تحقیق حاضر یک مطالعه توصیفی-همبستگی بود که روی  100 پرستار شاغل در بیمارستان های تبریز انجام شد. شرکت کنندگان با استفاده از پرسشنامه های اجتناب شناختی، باورهای فراشناختی، نارسایی‌های شناختی و اضطراب اسپیل برگر مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند و داده ها با استفاده از آزمون های آماری ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه و نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 24 تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که اضطراب حالت پرستاران با متغیر اجتناب شناختی رابطه منفی و معنی داری داشت (0/01p=)؛اما با متغیرهای باورهای فراشناختی و نارسایی‌های شناختی رابطه معناداری نداشت. همچنین اضطراب صفت پرستاران با متغیر اجتناب شناختی رابطه منفی و معنی داری داشته (0/01p=)؛ ولی با متغیرهای باورهای فراشناختی و نارسایی‌های شناختی رابطه معنی داری نداشت. نتایج رگرسیون نیز نشان داد که متغیرهای پیش بین در مجموع 37% از واریانس اضطراب حالت و 33% از واریانس اضطراب صفت را تبیین می کنند.
نتیجه گیری: نظر به اینکه پرستاران نقش مهمی در بهبود و ارتقاء سلامت افراد جامعه دارند رفع عوامل زمینه ساز، ایجاد کننده واکنش های اضطرابی در پرستاران به ویژه اجتناب شناختی که در این مطالعه رابطه معنی داری با اضطراب حالت و صفت پرستاران به دست آمد، به عنوان یک اولویت بهداشتی مطرح می گردد.
 
متن کامل [PDF 793 kb]   (35 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۷/۱۲/۲۴ | ویرایش نهایی: ۱۳۹۸/۶/۱۲ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۸/۱/۲۴ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۳/۱۹ | انتشار الکترونیک: ۱۳۹۸/۳/۱۹

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