دوره 5، شماره 2 - ( پاییز 1398 )                   جلد 5 شماره 2 صفحات 68-80 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moosavian Khorasani S H, Vagharseyyein S A, Zarei B, Shafiee F. Association of Perceived Social Support with Secondary Traumatic Stress and Perceived Stress in Nurses. SJNMP. 2019; 5 (2) :68-80
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-266-fa.html
موسویان خراسانی سید حسین، وقار سیدین سید ابوالفضل، زارعی بهاره، شفیعی فرزانه. ارتباط حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده با استرس آسیب زای ثانویه و استرس ادراک‌شده در پرستاران. فصلنامه پرستاری، مامایی و پیراپزشکی. 1398; 5 (2) :68-80

URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-266-fa.html


1- کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند ، hosein.phoenix76@gmail.com
2- دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند
چکیده:   (484 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: پرستاران به عنوان بزرگ‌ترین گروه ارائه‌دهنده خدمات مراقبتی و درمانی، سطوح بالای استرس مرتبط با محیط کار و تنش های روانی زیادی را متحمل می‌شوند. این پژوهش با هدف تعیین نقش حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده بر میزان استرس آسیب زای ثانویه و استرس ادراک شده در پرستاران طراحی گردید.
مواد و روش ها: مطالعه حاضر، یک پژوهش توصیفی- تحلیلی است که بر روی پرستاران شاغل در بیمارستان های آموزشی وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بیرجند در شهر بیرجند در سال 1397 انجام گرفت. 220 پرستار با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری سهمیه ای تصادفی وارد مطالعه شدند. داده ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه اطلاعات دموگرافیک، پرسشنامه استرس آسیب زای ثانویه، پرسشنامه استرس ادراک‌شده و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده جمع آوری گردید. سپس داده ها در نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 16 با به‌کارگیری آمار توصیفی و استنباطی در سطح معناداری 0/05p< تجزیه وتحلیل گردید.
نتایج: در این پژوهش 220 پرستار شرکت داشتند که بیشتر آنان (3/82%) زن بودند. میانگین سنی شرکت کنندگان 1/17±31/42 سال بود. بین نمره حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده شرکت کنندگان و نمره استرس آسیب زای ثانویه (0/001p< و 49-/0r=) و استرس ادراک‌شده آنان  ارتباط منفی و معناداری وجود داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: با عنایت به نتایج مطالعه، طراحی روش هایی در جهت ارتقاء حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده می تواند به کاهش استرس های آسیب زای ثانویه و ادراک شده در پرستاران بیانجامد.
متن کامل [PDF 1020 kb]   (185 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1398/4/10 | ویرایش نهایی: 1398/11/1 | پذیرش: 1398/6/13 | انتشار: 1398/8/10 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1398/8/10

فهرست منابع
1. Embriaco N, Papazian L, Kentish-Barnes N, Pochard F, Azoulay E. Burnout syndrome among critical care healthcare workers. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2007;13(5):482-8. [DOI:10.1097/MCC.0b013e3282efd28a]
2. Itzhaki M, Peles‐Bortz A, Kostistky H, Barnoy D, Filshtinsky V, Bluvstein I. Exposure of mental health nurses to violence associated with job stress, life satisfaction, staff resilience, and post‐traumatic growth. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2015;24(5):403-123. [DOI:10.1111/inm.12151]
3. Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company,1984.
4. Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Parizad N, Dalvand S, Zarei M, Farajzadeh M, Karami M, Sayehmiri K. The prevalence of job stress among nurses in Iran: A meta-analysis study. Nurs Midwifery Stud. 2017;6(4):143-8. [DOI:10.4103/nms.nms_33_17]
5. Figley CR. Compassion fatigue as secondary traumatic stress disorder: An overview. In: Figley CR, editor. Compassion fatigue: Coping with secondary traumatic stress disorder in those who treat the traumatized. New York; Brunner-Routledge,1995: 1-20.
6. Figley CR. Compassion Fatigue: Toward a New Understanding of the Costs of Caring (IN: Secondary Traumatic Stress: Self-Care Issues for Clinicians, Researchers, and Educators, edited by B H Stamm Second Edition). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press, 1999: 3-28
7. Beck CT, Cusson RM, Gable RK. Secondary Traumatic Stress in Nicu Nurses: A Mixed-methods Study. Adv Neonatal Care. 2017;17(6):478-88. [DOI:10.1097/ANC.0000000000000428]
8. Phillips AC. Perceived stress. Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. New York: Springer, 2013: 1453-4. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_479]
9. Gupta A, Coolwal G, Gehlot S. Study of perceived stress and emotional intelligence among 1st year medical undergraduates in India. J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(1): 63-67. [DOI:10.5455/jcme.20131209094837]
10. Feizi A, Aliyari R, Roohafza H. Association of perceived stress with stressful life events, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors: a large-scale community-based study using logistic quantile regression. Comput Math Methods Med. 2012; 2012:151865. [DOI:10.1155/2012/151865]
11. Donovan RO, Doody O, Lyons R. The effect of stress on health and its implications for nursing. Br J Nurs. 2013;22(16):969-73. [DOI:10.12968/bjon.2013.22.16.969]
12. Vildósola AC, Guerra AL, Jaramillo-Villanueva L. Coping strategies and their relation with depression and anxiety in pediatric residents in a third level pediatric hospital. BoI Med Hosp Infant Mex. 2012;69:347-54.
13. Yildiz E, Asti T. Determine the relationship between perceived social support and depression level of patients with diabetic foot. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2015;14:59. [DOI:10.1186/s40200-015-0168-8]
14. Gülaçtı F. The effect of perceived social support on subjective well-being. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010;2(2):3844-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.602]
15. Chadwick KA, Collins PA. Examining the relationship between social support availability, urban center size, and self-perceived mental health of recent immigrants to Canada: A mixed-methods analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2015;128:220-30 [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.01.036]
16. Garcı́a MF, Ramı́rez MG, Jariego IM. Social support and locus of control as predictors of psychological well-being in Moroccan and Peruvian immigrant women in Spain. Int J Intercult Rel. 2002; 26(3):287-310. [DOI:10.1016/S0147-1767(02)00005-6]
17. Aschbrenner KA, Mueser KT, Bartels SJ, Pratt SI. Perceived social support for diet and exercise among persons with serious mental illness enrolled in a healthy lifestyle intervention. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2013;36(2):65-72. [DOI:10.1037/h0094973]
18. Sanyal N, Femandes T, Infimate R. Perceived social support and psychological well-being in north eastern and non-north eastern girl hostellers. Indian J Posit Psychol. 2016;7(3):306-311.
19. Alipor A, Sahraeian M, Aliakbari M, Aghababaei M. The relationship between perceived social support and hardiness with mental health and disability status among women with Multiple Sclerosis. Res Soc Psychol. 2012;1(3):110-33.
20. Rizalar S, Ozbas A, Akyolcu N, Gungor B. Effect of perceived social support on psychosocial adjustment of Turkish patients with breast cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15:3429-34. [DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.8.3429]
21. Hosaini S S, Ariapooran S. Secondary Traumatic Stress in Nurses: The Role of Problem and Emotion-Focused Coping Styles. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2014; 11 (2):86-94. [Persian]
22. Stamm B. The Concise ProQOL Manual, 2nd edn. Pocatello. 2010. ID: ProQOL.org.
23. Pashib M, Abbaspour S, Tadayyon H, Khalafi A. Quality of Professional life among Nurses of hospitals in Torbat Heydariyeh city in 2016. J Tanin Salamat (Health Chimes). 2016; 4(1): 36-41.
24. Vagharseyyedin SA, Zarei B, Hosseini H. The role of workplace social capital, compassion satisfaction and secondary traumatic stress in affective organizational commitment of a sample of Iranian nurses. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2018: 1-11. [Persian] [DOI:10.1177/1744987118762974]
25. Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983; 24: 386-96. [DOI:10.2307/2136404]
26. Safaei M, Shokri O. Assessing stress in cancer patients: Factorial validity of the perceived stress scale in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2014; 2 (1): 13-22. [Persian]
27. Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. J pers Assess. 1988; 52(1):30-41. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2]
28. Sadoughi M, Hesampour F. The relationship between anxiety, depression and perceived social support and quality of life among hemodialysis patients. J Clin Nurs Midwife. 2017; 6 (3):56-71.
29. Townsend SM, Campbell R. Organizational correlates of secondary traumatic stress and burnout among sexual assault nurse examiners. Journal of Forensic Nursing. 2009;5(2):97-106. [DOI:10.1111/j.1939-3938.2009.01040.x]
30. Mikkola L, Suutala E, Parviainen H. Social support in the workplace for physicians in specialization training. Med Educ Online. 2018;23(1):1435114. [DOI:10.1080/10872981.2018.1435114]
31. Rzeszutek M, Partyka M, Gołąb A. Temperament traits, social support, and secondary traumatic stress disorder symptoms in a sample of trauma therapists. Prof Psychol: Res Pract.2015;46(4):213. [DOI:10.1037/pro0000024]
32. Günüşen NP, Wilson M, Aksoy B. Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout among Muslim Nurses Caring for Chronically Ill Children in a Turkish Hospital. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 2017:1043659616689290. [DOI:10.1177/1043659616689290]
33. Cieslak R, Benight C, Schmidt N, Luszczynska A, Curtin E, Clark RA, Kissinger P. Predicting posttraumatic growth among Hurricane Katrina survivors living with HIV: The role of self-efficacy, social support, and PTSD symptoms. Anxiety Stress Copin. 2009;22(4):449-63. [DOI:10.1080/10615800802403815]
34. Hyman O. Perceived social support and secondary traumatic stress symptoms in emergency responders. J Trauma Stress. 2004;17(2):149-56. [DOI:10.1023/B:JOTS.0000022621.27014.0e]
35. McCarroll JE, Ursano RJ, Ventis WL, Fullerton CS, Oates GL, Friedman H, Shean GD, Wright KM. Anticipation of handling the dead: Effects of gender and experience. Br J Clin Psychol. 1993;32(4):466-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1993.tb01082.x]
36. Fullerton CS, Ursano RJ, Kao TC, Bhartiya VR. The Chemical and Biological Warfare Environment: Psychological Responses and Social Supports in a High‐Stress Environment. J Appl Soc Psychol.1992;22(20):1608-24. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb01759.x]
37. Hobfoll SE, London P. The relationship of self-concept and social support to emotional distress among women during war. J Soc Clin Psychol. 1986;4(2):189-203. [DOI:10.1521/jscp.1986.4.2.189]
38. Ørner R. A new evidence base for making early intervention in emergency services complementary to officers' preferred adjustment and coping strategies. Reconstructing early intervention after trauma: Innovations in the care of survivors. UK: Oxford University Press, 2003: 143-53.
39. Feng D, Su S, Wang L, Liu F. The protective role of self‐esteem, perceived social support and job satisfaction against psychological distress among Chinese nurses. J Nurs Manag. 2018;26(4):366-72. [DOI:10.1111/jonm.12523]
40. Ariapooran S. Compassion fatigue and burnout in Iranian nurses: The role of perceived social support. Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res. 2014;19(3):279-84.
41. Abshire M, Russell SD, Davidson PM, Budhathoki C, Han HR, Grady KL, Desai S, Himmelfarb CD. Social support moderates the relationship between perceived stress and quality of life in patients with a left ventricular assist device. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2018;33(5):1-9. [DOI:10.1097/JCN.0000000000000487]
42. Ataollahi M, Masoumi SZ, Shayan A, Roshanaei G, Sedighi S. Comparing Dimension Of Perceived Social Support and Perceived Stress in Women with and without Breast Cancer Referred to Mahdieh MRI Center of Hamedan in 2013. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2016;14(2):62-70. [Persian]
43. Jordan TR, Khubchandani J, Wiblishauser M. The impact of perceived stress and coping adequacy on the health of nurses: A pilot investigation. Nurs Res Pract. 2016;2016:5843256 [DOI:10.1155/2016/5843256]
44. Glasberg AL, Eriksson S, Norberg A. Burnout and stress of conscience among healthcare personnel. J Adv Nurs. 2007;57(4):392-403 [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04111.x]
45. Lee I, Wang HH. Perceived occupational stress and related factors in public health nurses. The journal of nursing research: JNR. 2002;10(4):253-60. [DOI:10.1097/01.JNR.0000347606.91295.76]
46. Kordi M, Mohamadirizi S, Shakeri MT, Modares Gharavi M, Salehi Fadardi J. Relationship between Occupational Stress and Work Ability of Midwives in Mashhad in 2011. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health. 2014;2(3):188-94.
47. Meadors P, Lamson A. Compassion fatigue and secondary traumatization: Provider self- care on intensive care units for children. J Pediatr Health Care. 2008;22(1):24-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedhc.2007.01.006]
48. Robins PM, Meltzer L, Zelikovsky N. The experience of secondary traumatic stress upon care providers working within a children's hospital. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2009;24(4):270-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2008.03.007]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به فصلنامه پرستاری، مامایی و پیراپزشکی می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by :M.TAHAN