Volume 5, Issue 1 (Summer 2019)                   SJNMP 2019, 5(1): 94-105 | Back to browse issues page

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Gharekhanloo F, Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Shamsizadeh M. Young Women with Breast Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study Over 3 Years. SJNMP. 2019; 5 (1) :94-105
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-187-en.html
1- Hamadan University of Medical Sciences
2- Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , mortezashamsizadeh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (453 Views)
Background & Aim: the breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women in recent years' incidence in young women is increased. According to dense breast in this group sensitivity of mammography is decreased. The aim of this study was to investigate young women with breast cancer.
Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 2160 patients who referred to the Hamadan's Mehr Imaging Center during the October of 2015 to October 2018, 220 patients (30 to 20 years old) were included in the study. Patients were selected by available sampling method as research sample. All patients who came to the study were enrolled according to the inclusion criteria. Patients with suspected lesions were referred for further evaluation and biopsy. Also, definitive results were reported after pathology examination.  Data analysis was performed by using descriptive and analytical tests in SPSS software V.21. The significance level was p < 0.05.
Results: Mean age of patient was 27.5 years. Approved malignancies in 16 patients were seen. %50 of patients were single. The minimum age is 23 years. Most frequent symptom was palpable mass. About 2 of patient have positive family history. The most pathology was invasive ductal carcinoma grade 3. About 25 % of mass was discovered in the lactation state. Mortality rate at 2 years was 25% which was during the breastfeeding period. Place of mass, degree of differentiation and type of pathology had a significant relationship with breast cancer (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Considering the significant incidence of breast cancer in the under-30 age group and the detection of cancer in about 40% of patients studied during lactation, there is a great need to pay close attention to the masses discovered during lactation. Rapid examination of mass and screening at an early age is also important.
Full-Text [PDF 608 kb]   (31 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/11/5 | Revised: 2019/09/4 | Accepted: 2018/12/22

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