Volume 6, Issue 3 (Winter 2021)                   SJNMP 2021, 6(3): 36-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hasan Tehrani T, Ebadi A, Maddah S B, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Fallahi-Khoshknab M. Development and Validation of Iranian version of privacy inventory in hospitalized patients. SJNMP. 2021; 6 (3) :36-47
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-363-en.html
1- School of nursing and midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Baqiyatallah University of medical sciences, Teheran, Iran
3- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , fallahi@uswr.ac.ir
Abstract:   (323 Views)
Background & Aim: Privacy is a complex phenomenon that has various interpretations within healthcare systems. Understanding and measurement of this concept is essential for care providers. This study aimed to design and test the psychometrics of the hospitalized patient privacy measurement instrument.
Materials & Methods: The present study is a sequential exploratory study of instrumentation that was conducted in 2018 in three consecutive steps. In the first step, the concept of privacy was defined using hybrid concept analysis. In the second step, items were produced based on the first step findings. In the third step, 300 patients hospitalized in internal and surgical wards of public hospitals in Tehran completed an instrument for census sampling in order to evaluate instrumental psychometric features.
Results: Based on the obtained findings from content analysis, the initial pool of questions included 91 items, which dropped to 74 by eliminating repetitive and overlapping items. After formal and content validation and item analysis, a total of 19 items remained. The overall content index of the instrument was 0.81. The results of exploratory factor analysis including personal privacy, psychosocial privacy, and spiritual-religious privacy were identified as 45.5% of the total variance. Instrument reliability was obtained by using Cronbachchr(chr('39')39chr('39'))s alpha coefficient of 0.856 and the intra-class correlation of 0.95.
Conclusion: Research findings provide new insight into the patients’ privacy implications and introduce PPI as a simple, valid, and reliable instrument for measuring the privacy of patients in general admissions departments.
Full-Text [PDF 404 kb]   (178 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/16 | Revised: 2021/03/1 | Accepted: 2020/10/18 | Published: 2021/01/29 | ePublished: 2021/01/29

References
1. Matiti MR, Trorey G. Perceptual adjustment levels: patients' perception of their dignity in the hospital setting. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2004;41(7):735-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2004.02.008]
2. Dictionary COE. Oxford University Press. URL: http://oxforddictionaries com. 2012.
3. Akyüz E, Erdemir F. Surgical patients' and nurses' opinions and expectations about privacy in care. Nursing ethics. 2013;20(6):660-71. [DOI:10.1177/0969733012468931]
4. Malin BA, El Emam K, O'Keefe CM. Biomedical data privacy: problems, perspectives, and recent advances. Journal of the American medical informatics association. 2013;20(1):2-6. [DOI:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001509]
5. Rasti R, Jahanpour F. Viewpoints of Nurses and Patients on Paying Respect to the Privacy of Patients in Care Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2014;24(111):34-42.
6. Tehrani TH, Maddah SSB, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Shahboulaghi FM, Ebadi A. Perception of Hospitalized Patients Regarding Respect for Privacy. 2018.
7. parsa M. Privacy and confidentiality in medical and various aspects of it. Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2009;2(4):13-1.
8. Kim K, Han Y, Kim J-s. Nurses' and patients' perceptions of privacy protection behaviours and information provision. Nursing ethics. 2016:0969733015622059. [DOI:10.1177/0969733015622059]
9. Zirak M, Ghafourifard M, Aghajanloo A, Haririan H. Respect for patient privacy in the teaching hospitals of Zanjan. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2015;8(1):79-89.
10. Nayeri ND, Aghajani M. Patients' privacy and satisfaction in the emergency department: a descriptive analytical study. Nursing ethics. 2010;17(2):167-77. [DOI:10.1177/0969733009355377]
11. Jalali R. Review of articles related to responsiveness as a characteristic of quality of
12. life instruments. Journal of Knowledge & Health. 2015;10(1).
13. Leino-Kilpi H, Välimäki M, Dassen T, Gasull M, Lemonidou C, Scott A, et al. Privacy: a review of the literature. International journal of nursing studies. 2001;38(6):663-71. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(00)00111-5]
14. Mehrdad N, Parsayekta Z, Joulaei S. A study of patients privacy overview. Hayat 2004;10(23):87-95.
15. Ozturk H, Bahcecik N, Ozcelik KS. The development of the patient privacy scale in nursing. Nurs Ethics. 2014;21(7):812-28. [DOI:10.1177/0969733013515489]
16. Hasan Tehrani T, Seyed Bagher Maddah S, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Ebadi A, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Gillespie M. Respecting the privacy of hospitalized patients: An integrative review. Nursing ethics. 2018:0969733018759832. [DOI:10.1177/0969733018759832]
17. Serenko N, Fan L. Patients' perceptions of privacy and their outcomes in healthcare. International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research. 2013;4(2):101-22. [DOI:10.1504/IJBHR.2013.057359]
18. Marshall NJ. Dimensions of privacy preferences. Multivariate Behavioral Research. 1974;9(3):255-71. [DOI:10.1207/s15327906mbr0903_1]
19. Heidari M, Anooshe M. The Process of Patient's Privacy: A Grounded Theory. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences. 2011;9(5):644-54.
20. Jolaee S, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Parsa Yekta Z. The view of patients and patients' companions regarding patients' rights: a phenomenological research. Journal of hayat. 2005;10(4):5-20.
21. Comrey A, Lee H. Interpretation and application of factor analytic results. Comrey AL, Lee HB A first course in factor analysis. 1992;2:1992.
22. Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Streiner DL, King DR. Clinical impact versus factor analysis for quality of life questionnaire construction. Journal of clinical epidemiology. 1997;50(3):233-8. [DOI:10.1016/S0895-4356(96)00377-0]
23. Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
24. Reuschenbach B. Measurement and the measurement of change-A primer for the health professions. Verlag hans huber langgass-strasse 76, CH-3000 BERN 9, Switzerland; 2016.
25. Özturk H, Bahçecik N, Özçelik KS. The development of the patient privacy scale in nursing. Nursing ethics. 2014;21(7):812-28. [DOI:10.1177/0969733013515489]
26. Nunnally J. Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1978.
27. Yazdanparast E, Davoudi M, Ghorbani SH, Abbaspoor M. The observance of different aspects of patient privacy: Analysis of elderly views. Medical Ethics Journal. 2016;10(36):73-80. [DOI:10.21859/mej-103673]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb