Volume 7, Issue 1 (Summer 2021)                   SJNMP 2021, 7(1): 69-79 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

papi F, gholamrezaei S, rezaei F. The Effect of Memory Specificity Training on cognitive failure in Female patients with Multiple Sclerosis in Khoramabad City. SJNMP 2021; 7 (1) :69-79
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-394-en.html
1- Department of psychology, Lorestan University, Khoramabbad, Iran
2- Department of psychology, Lorestan University, Khoramabbad, Iran , gholamrezaei_s@yahoo.com
3- Department of psychology, Lorestan University, Khoramabbad, Iran.
Abstract:   (936 Views)
Background & Aim: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects different aspects of patients' lives and is associated with many physical and psychological problems and complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of memory specificity training on cognitive failure in female patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
 Materials & Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group.The statistical population this study included all women with MS referred to medical centers in Khorramabad in 1399, Who were free to participate in the study and using the convenience judmental sampling method, 30 people were selected and assigned to the experimental group (15 people) and control (15 people). The data collection tool included cognitive failure question (Bradbent, Cooper, Fitzgerald and Parkes, 1982). SPSS software version 19 was used to analyze statistical data. For this purpose, at the level of descriptive statistics, frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to describe the data and at the inferential level, analysis of covariance was used.
Results: The results showed that memory specificity training significantly reduced cognitive failure in the post-test stage (P <0.001, F = 37.69), in female patients with multiple sclerosis in the experimental group Took.
Conclusions: According to the findings of this study, memory specificity training is an effective psychological intervention in reducing cognitive failure in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Full-Text [PDF 791 kb]   (541 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/03/14 | Revised: 2021/09/7 | Accepted: 2021/05/8 | Published: 2021/09/1 | ePublished: 2021/09/1

1. Macías Islas MÁ, Ciampi E. Assessment and impact of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis: an overview. Biomedicines. 2019; 7(1): 22. [DOI:10.3390/biomedicines7010022]
2. Bassi M, Falautano M, Cilia S, Goretti B, Grobberio M, Pattini M, et al. Illness perception and well-being among persons with multiple sclerosis and their caregivers. J of clinical psychology in medical settings. 2016; 23(1): 33-52. [DOI:10.1007/s10880-015-9425-8]
3. Mazdeh M, Khazaei M, Hashemi FN, Ghiasian M. Frequency of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Among Relatives of MS Patients in Hamadan Society, Iran Avicenna. Journal of Neuro Psych Physiology. 2016; 3(1). [Persian] [DOI:10.17795/ajnpp-38613]
4. Bove R, Chitnis T. Sexual disparities in the incidence and course of MS. Clinical Immunology. 2013; 149(2): 201-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.clim.2013.03.005]
5. Dennison L, Moss-Morris R, Silber E, Galea I, & Chalder T. Cognitive and behavioural correlates of different domains of psychological adjustment in early-stage multiple sclerosis. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2010; 69(4): 353-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.04.009]
6. Simpson R, Booth J, Lawrence M, Byrne S, Mair F, Mercer S. Mindfulness based interventions in multiple sclerosis-a systematic review. BMC neurology. 2014; 14(1):15. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-14-15]
7. Genova HM, Lengenfelder J, Chiaravalloti ND, Moore NB, DeLuca J. Processing speed versus working memory: contributions to an information-processing task in multiple sclerosis. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. 2012; 19(2):132-40. [DOI:10.1080/09084282.2011.643951]
8. Wallace JC. Confirmatory factor analysis of the cognitive failures questionnaire: evidence for dimensionality and construct validity. Personality and Individual Differences.2004;37(2):307-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2003.09.005]
9. Wallace C, Steven J, Stanny C. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire Revisited: Dimensions and Correlates. The Journal of General Psychology. 2010; 129(256): 233-38. [DOI:10.1080/00221300209602098]
10. Sullivan B, Payne TW. Affective disorders and cognitive failures: a comparison of seasonal and nonseasonal depression. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2007; 164(11): 1663-67. [DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.06111792]
11. Chiaravalloti ND, DeLuca J. Cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis. The Lancet Neurology. 2008; 7(12): 1139-51. [DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(08)70259-X]
12. Broadbent DE, Cooper PF, FitzGerald P, Parkes KR. Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ) and its relationship. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1982; 21(1): 1-6. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1982.tb01421.x]
13. Arjmandnia A, Namjo S. The effect of memorizing specialized education (meat) on the influential mechanisms of the extreme clinicalism of story memory in depressed patients with childhood traumatic experience. J of Isfahan Medical School. 2016; 33(329). [Persian]
14. Carmeli E, Zinger-Vaknin T, Morad M, Merrick J. Can physical training have an effect on well-being in adults with mild intellectual disability?. Mechanisms of ageing and development 2005; 126(2): 299-304. [DOI:10.1016/j.mad.2004.08.021]
15. Hadian MR, Nakhostin Ansari N, Asgari T, Abdolvahab M, Jalili M. Inter& intra rater reliability of Berg Balance Scale for evaluation of the balance in children with spastic hemieplegia. Journal of Modern Rehabilitation. 2007; 1(2): 31-7. [Persian]
16. Amiri-Khorasani M, Mogharabi Manzari M. Effect of different physical activity levels on the static and dynamic balance of dominant and non-dominant legs in females. Journal Res Rehabil Sc. 2013; 9(7): 1177-88. [Persian]
17. Graham A, Reid G. Physical fitness of adults with an intellectual disability: A 13-year follow-up study. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2000; 71(8): 152-61. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2000.10608893]
18. Thomas PW, Thomas S, Hillier C, Galvin K, Baker R. Psychological interventions for MS. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2006. [DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004431.pub2]
19. Akuthota V, Andrea F, Tamara M, Ichael F. Core stability exercise principles. Sports Med Rep. 2008; 7(1): 39-44. [DOI:10.1097/01.CSMR.0000308663.13278.69]
20. Yazdanbakhsh K, Radmehr F. Evaluating the Effect of Memory Specificity Training on Cognitive Failure in Patients with Major Depression. 2018; 14(3):25-44. [Persian]
21. Raes F, Williams JM, Hermans D. Reducing cognitive vulnerability to depression: A preliminary investigation of MEmory Specificity Training (MEST) in inpatients with depressive symptomatology. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry. 2009; 40(1): 24-38. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2008.03.001]
22. Emsaki G, NeshatDoost HT, Tavakoli M, Barekatain M. Memory specificity training can improve working and prospective memory in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Dementia & Neuropsychologia. 2017; 11(3): 255-61. [DOI:10.1590/1980-57642016dn11-030007]
23. Raes F, Hermans D, Williams JM, Eelen P. Reduced autobiographical memory specificity and affect regulation. Cognition and Emotion. 2006; 20(3-4): 402-29. [DOI:10.1080/02699930500341003]
24. Martens K, Barry TJ, Takano K, Onghena P, Raes F. Efficacy of online Memory Specificity Training in adults with a history of depression, using a multiple baseline across participants design. Internet Interventions. 2019; 18(1):100259. [DOI:10.1016/j.invent.2019.100259]
25. Yazdi SM, Darvizeh Z. Sheikhi Z. Comparison of cognitive deficits and coping styles with stress in Patients with major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and comorbidities, psychological studies. 2015; 11(3): 7-30. [Persian]
26. Sumner JA. The mechanisms underlying overgeneral autobiographical memory: An evaluative review of evidence for the CaR-FA-X model. Clinical psychology review. 2012; 32(1): 34-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2011.10.003]
27. Amrollahi S. Moradi A. Hassani J. The effectiveness of memory training in cognitive impairments and breakdown experiences of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychology of human behavior. 2016; 4(3): 31-40. [Persian]
28. Williams JM, Teasdale JD, Segal ZV, Soulsby J. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy reduces overgeneral autobiographical memory in formerly depressed patients. Journal of abnormal psychology. 2000; 109(1): 150. [DOI:10.1037/0021-843X.109.1.150]
29. Schönfeld S, Ehlers A, Böllinghaus I, Rief W. Overgeneral memory and suppression of trauma memories in post-traumatic stress disorder Memory. 2007; 15(3):339-52. [DOI:10.1080/09658210701256571]
30. Erten MN, Brown AD. Memory specificity training for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder: a promising therapeutic intervention. Frontiers in psychology. 2018; 9(1): 419. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00419]
31. Moshirpanahi S, Moradi A, Hatami M, Parhoon H. Mirzaei J. Effectiveness of memory specificity training on reduction of cognitive vulnerability in post-traumatic stress disorder pationts. Journal of Military Psychology. 2013; 4(15):17-28. [Persian]
32. Werner-Seidler A, Hitchcock C, Bevan A, McKinnon A, Gillard J, Dahm T, et al. A cluster randomized controlled platform trial comparing group MEmory specificity training (MEST) to group psychoeducation and supportive supportivecounselling (PSC) in the treatment of recurrent depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2018; 105(1): 1-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2018.03.004]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb