Volume 3, Issue 3 (winter 2018)                   SJNMP 2018, 3(3): 45-56 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahangari E, Tahan M. The Effectiveness of Sentimental Cognitive Therapy on Reducing Test Anxiety in Nursing Students of Islamic Azad University, Birjand, in 2018. SJNMP. 2018; 3 (3) :45-56
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-132-en.html
1- University lecturer, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Kashmar, Iran. , t.mohammad2@gmail.com
2- Young Researchers and Elite Club, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (419 Views)
Background & Aim: Test anxiety is a common phenomenon among students and is one of the problems of educational system. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive therapy based on self-talk in reducing the test anxiety in nursing students of Islamic Azad University of Birjand.
Materials & Methods: This research was a semi-experimental study, using pre-test and post-test with control group. The statistical population of this study was all nursing students of the Islamic Azad University of Birjand who were studying at this college in 2018. In this research, the students were selected by cluster sampling method. Among them, 30 subjects who were the highest in the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAT) were selected as the sample and randomly divided into two groups of 15 experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 10 sessions of 1 hour self-talk educational program and the control group did not receive any special treatment. Anxiety questionnaire was used to collect data.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the test anxiety in the experimental group and the control group after the experimental intervention (teaching self-talk strategies) at a meaningful level (P≥0.05). Mean and standard deviation of the test anxiety score in the two experimental groups and control were 53.03 ± 6.78 and 46.96 ± 10.25, respectively.
Conclusion: Therefore, cognitive therapy based on self-talk can be effective in reducing the test anxiety of nursing students of Islamic Azad University of Birjand and can be considered as a treatment method.
Full-Text [PDF 566 kb]   (266 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/07/22 | Revised: 2018/08/27 | Accepted: 2018/08/2 | Published: 2018/08/15 | ePublished: 2018/08/15

1. Chraghyani Bahman, Fereidooni Mogadam Malek, Brazpardanjani Shahram, and Bavrsad Nafiseh. Evaluation of test anxiety and its relationship with the students' academic performance. Science and Health Journal, Winter 2008; Vol. 3, No. 3-4; From page 25 to page 29.
2. Dehgani Firouzabadi Layla. Effectiveness in reducing anxiety management training, self-talk Tehran Area 2 female first grade. MSc thesis. Allameh Tabatabai University. 2009. (Persian)
3. Wachelka D, Katz RC. Reducing test anxiety and improving academic self-esteem in high school and college students with learning disabilities. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 1999;30(3):191-198. [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7916(99)00024-5]
4. Fathi-Ashteiani A, Emamgholivand F. Comparative of cognitive therapy and systematic desensitization methods in reducing test anxiety. Kosar Medical Journal 2002;7(3):245-251. (Persian)
5. Stankov. Unforgiving Confucian culture: A breeding ground for high academicachievement, test anxiety and self-doubt? Learning and Individual Differences. 2010. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2010.05.003]
6. Zeidner. Test Anxiety: The State of the Art. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher 1998.
7. Spielberger CD. Theory and Research on Anxiety. Dalam C. D. Spielberger (Ed.), Anxiety and Behaviour (hal. 3-20). New York: Academic Press 1966. [DOI:10.1016/B978-1-4832-3131-0.50006-8]
8. Hong, E. Test anxiety, perceived test difficulty, and test performance: temporal patterns of their effects, Learning and Individual Differences 1999; 11, 431-447. [DOI:10.1016/S1041-6080(99)80012-0]
9. Meijer J, & Oostdam. Test anxiety and intelligence testing: a closer examination of the stage-fright hypothesis and the influence of stressful instruction. Anxiety Stress Coping 2007; 20. 77-91. [DOI:10.1080/10615800600967862] [PMID]
10. Dewi N, and Mangunsong F. Contribution Of Student's Perception Toward Teacher's Goal Orientation And Student's Goal Orientation As A Mediator In Test Anxiety On Elementary's Final Exams.Social and Behavioral Sciences 2012. 509 - 517. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.440]
11. Schunk D, Pintrich P, Meece J. Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Aplication Third Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc, 2010.
12. Onyeizugbo EU. Self-Efficacy and Test Anxiety as Correlates of Academic Performance. Journal of Educational Research 2010; 1(10), 477-48.
13. Rozier R, and thampson A. Preventing (oralleviating) excessive test anxiety among students 2006.
14. cori, Gerald. Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy, (translated by Mohammad Seyed Mohammad), Tehran: Arasbaran 2012. (Persian)
15. Lodge J, Harte DK, & Tripp G. Children's self-talk under conditions of mild anxiety. Journal of anxiety disorders 1998; No 2 ,Vo 12, 153- 176. [DOI:10.1016/S0887-6185(98)00006-1]
16. Ahangri, Elaheh, Yousefpour, Abbasi, Ahmad., Bab al-Hakami, Mojtaba. The Effectiveness of Self-Concept-Based Cognitive Therapy in Reducing Test Anxiety in Kashmar Nursing Students. 2nd National Conference on Modern Research in the Field of Humanities and Social Studies of Iran 2016; 1-14.
17. Salmani, N. Effect of Positive Self-talk on Exam Anxiety of Nursing Students. Quarterly of Educattion Strategies in Medical Sciences 2013; 6(1), 13-16.
18. Brinthaupt TM, Hein MB, and Kramer T. The Self-Talk Scale: Development, Factor Analysis, and Validation ,Journal of Personality Assessment 2009; 91( 1 ), 82-92. [DOI:10.1080/00223890802484498] [PMID]
19. Gibson AC, and Foster C. The role of self-talk in the awareness of physicalogical state and physical performance. Sport 2007, 37 (12) : 1029-1044. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200737120-00003] [PMID]
20. Brinthaupt TM, Dove CT. Differences in self-talk frequency as a function of age, only-child, and imaginary childhood companion status. Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 46, Issue 3, June 2012; 326-333. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.03.003]
21. Ebrahimi Luqman and Dehdari Abouzar. Of counseling and psychotherapy. Third Quarterly 2012; No. 11, Fall 91. (Persian)
22. Parvizi N, Daneshfar A, Shojaei M. Effect of attentional focus of self-talk on anxiety and learning under pressure. European Journal of Experimental Biology 2012; 2 (6) :2303-2309.
23. Sood ED, & Kendall PC. Assessing Anxious Self-Talk in Youth: The negative affectivity Self-Statement Questionnaire-Anxiety scale. Cogn Ther Res 2007; 31:603-618. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-006-9043-8]
24. Tobias S. Overcoming Math Anxiety; New York : Norton 1985.
25. Muris P, Mayer B, Den AM, Roos T, & Van WJ. Predictors of change following cognitive behavioral treatment of children with anxiety problems: A preliminary investigation on negative outomatic thoughts and anxiety control child psychiatry. Ham Dev 40: 2009; 139-151. [DOI:10.1007/s10578-008-0116-7] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Hatzigeorgiadis A, and Stuort JHB. Negative self-talk during sport performance: Relationships with pre-compettion anxiety and goal-performance discrepancie, Journl of sport behavior 2009; Vol 31, No 3.
27. Shali R,S Pourgotabi, K, H .Comprehensive guide to the use of SPSS in the survey .loye, Tehran 2010. (Persian)
28. Abolqasemi A, Assadi Moghadam A, Najarian B and Shikrkon H. Construction and seeking to assess the validity of test anxiety in the third grade of secondary education in Ahvaz Chamran University Journal of Psychology 2002; Vol. III, No. 3 and 4: Ss61-74.
29. Asghari Sharabiani, A., & Atadokht, A. The Effectiveness of Positive Self-Talks on Reducing Test Anxiety in Elementary Students with Dyslexia. Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health 2018; 4, 24-33. (Persian)
30. Sapp M. Test anxiety: Applied research assessment and treatment, intervention. USA: Wisconsin University Press of America 2003.
31. Endler NS, Kocovski NL. State and trait anxiety revisited. J Anxiety Disorder 2001;15(3):231-45. [DOI:10.1016/S0887-6185(01)00060-3]
32. Akbari M, Shaghaghi F, Behroozian M. The effect of problem solving skills training of test anxiety among college student: Developmental psychology. Iran Psychol J 2011; 8(29): 67-74. (Persian)
33. Hardy J, Hall R, Gibbs C, Greenslade C. Self-talk and gross motor skill performance.an experimental approach .Psychol Sport J 2005;7(2):1-13.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb