Volume 6, Issue 2 (Autumn 2020)                   SJNMP 2020, 6(2): 11-21 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghadampor E, ghasemzade F, Zolfaghare S, Padervand H. Effectiveness of positive thinking group education on tolerance of distress and social adjustment of mothers of children with mental retardation. SJNMP. 2020; 6 (2) :11-21
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-327-en.html
1- Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Lorestan University
2- Department of Psychology, faculty of Literature and Humanities, Urmia University
3- Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, Lorestan University , hafezpadervand@gmail.com
Abstract:   (103 Views)
Background & Aim: Families with disabled children require educational services, as well as psychological and financial support and counseling due to the low threshold for tolerance and inadequacy in adaptation. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of positive thinking group education on tolerance and social adjustment in mothers of educable children with mental retardation.
Materials & Methods: This quasi-experiment had a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The research population included all mothers of children with mental retardation, who referred to schools for children with special needs in Khoramabad, Iran in the academic year 2018-2019. In total, 30 mothers were selected by convenience sampling, who were then divided into two groups of test (n=15) and control (n=15) using simple random sampling. Data were collected using Simmons and Gaherchr('39')s The Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) and California social adjustment Questionnaire. The participants in the test group attended 10 75-min positive thinking group sessions. In the end, data analysis was performed using a multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: In this study, a significant difference was observed between the groups after the intervention, which demonstrated the effectiveness of positive thinking training on an increased threshold for tolerance and social adjustment in the test group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, positive thinking education was recognized as an effective method to increase tolerance and social adjustment in mothers of children with mental retardation.
Full-Text [PDF 653 kb]   (46 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/05/20 | Revised: 2020/09/6 | Accepted: 2020/05/22 | Published: 2020/08/31 | ePublished: 2020/08/31

References
1. Bhatia M, Bhatia S, Gautam P, Saha R, Kaur J. Burden assessment, psychiatric morbidity and their correlates in caregivers of patients with intellectual disability. J East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. 2015; 25(4): 63 -159.
2. Wood S, Bhatnagar S. Resilience to the effects of social stress: Evidence from clinical and preclinical studies on the role of coping strategies. J Neurobiology of Stress. 2015; 1 (4):164-173. [DOI:10.1016/j.ynstr.2014.11.002]
3. Madeleine S, Jenna H, Angela V, Barbara F. Family resiliency: A neglected perspective in addressing obesity in young children. Childhood Obesity. 2015; 11 (6): 664-673. [DOI:10.1089/chi.2014.0107]
4. Banducci AN, Bujarski S J, Bonn-Miller MO, Pate A, Connolly KM. The impact of intolerance of emotional distress and uncertainty on veterans with co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorders. J Anxiety Disord. 2016; 41(3): 73-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.03.003]
5. Baker CN, Hoerger M. Parental child-rearing strategies influence self-regulation, socio-emotional adjustment, and psychopathology in early adulthood: evidence from a retrospective cohort study. Pers Individ Dif. 2012; 52(7): 800-805. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.034]
6. Kwan M. Parental stress in parents of children with disability.The Chinese University of HongKong. Ref no. 2011; 21-11.
7. Dabraowska A, Pisula E. Parenting stress and coping styles in mothers and fathers ofpreshool children with down syndrome. J Intellectuall Disabilities Research. 2010; 54 (1): 266-279. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01258.x]
8. Chowdhury N, Kevorkian S, Hawn SE, Amstadter AB, Dick D, Kendler KS. Associations between personality and distress tolerance among trauma-exposed young adults. Personality Individividual Differences. 2018; 120 (1): 166-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.041]
9. Devine KA, Holbein CE, Psihogios AM, Amaro CM, Holmbeck GN. Individual adjustment, parental functioning and perceived social support in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white mothers and fathers of children with Spina Bifida. J Pediatric Psychology. 2011; 37 (7): 769- 778. [DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jsr083]
10. Stanley SM, Ragan EP, Rhoades E. Examining changes in relationship adjustment and life satisfaction in marriage. J Family Psychology.2012; 26(1): 165-170. [DOI:10.1037/a0026759]
11. Findler L, Klein Jacoby, A, Gabis L. Subjective happiness among mothers of children with disabilities: The role of stress, attachment, guilt and socialsupport. J Research in Developmental Disabilitie. 2017; 55(1): 44-54. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2016.03.006]
12. Jenaabadi H, Issazadegan A, Gorgij HC, Dadkan AA. The relationship between emotional intelligence, mental hygiene and social adjustment of mentally retarded children's parents and normal children's parents. Psychology and Behavioral Research. 2014; 3(4): 54-86. [In Persian].
13. Aliakbarzade Arani, Z, Khari Arani M, Hajbagheri A, Aliakbarzade Arani F. Social Adjustment and Educable Mentally Retarded Children's Mothers. rph. 2014; 7 (2):55-65. [In Persian]
14. Tetzner J, Becker M. Think Positive? Examining the Impact of Optimism on Academic Achievement in Early Adolescents. J Pers. 2018; 86(2):283-95. [DOI:10.1111/jopy.12312]
15. Baños RM, Etchemend E, Mira A, Riva G, Gaggioli A, Botella C. Online Positive Interventions to Promote Well-being and Resilience in the Adolescent Population: A Narrative Review. Front. Psychiatry. 2017; 8 (10):1-9. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00010]
16. Pietrowsky R, Mikutta J. Effects of Positive Psychology Interventions in Depressive Patients-A Randomized Control Study, Psychology. 2012; 3(12): 1067-1073. [DOI:10.4236/psych.2012.312158]
17. Ahmadpoori F, Mottaqi M. The Effect of Positive Thinking Skills (Optimism) Based on the Thanksgiving notebook on the Spiritual Health of Adolescent Girls. J Iranian of Nursing Research. 2019; 14 (1):51-57. [In Persian]
18. Allister MP, Jacqueline D, Hassan SH, Rosanna M, Rooney D, Kane R, Roberts T. The efficacy of the enhanced Aussie optimism positive thinking skills program in improving social and emotional learning in middle childhood. Front Psychol. 2014; 1(5): 2- 11. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00909]
19. O'Connell BH, O'Shea D, Gallagher S. Enhancing social relationships through positive psychology activities: a randomised controlled trial. J of Positive Psychology. 2015; 11(2): 149-162. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2015.1037860]
20. Saffarhamidi E, Hosseininan S, Zandipour T. The Effect of Positive Thinking Education on the Perceived Competency and Social Skills of the Orphan and Mistreated Children. jcmh. 2017; 4 (1):13-23. [In Persian]
21. Farnam A, Madadizade T. Effect of Positive Training on Positive Psychological States (Character Strengths) of Female High School Students. J Positive Psychology Research. 2017; 3 (9): 61-75. [In Persian]
22. Gholami Heidarabadi Z, Navabi Nejad SH, Shafi Abadi A, Delavar A. Effectiveness comparison of Group Consultation with two approaches: reality therapy and positivism to increase tirelessness of mothers who have blind child. J of Educational Reserch. 2013; 4 (15): 57-67. [In Persian]
23. Dasht Bozorg Z, Shamshirgaran M. Effectiveness of Positive Training on Social Competence and Health Hardiness in Nurses. J Positive Psychology Research. 2018; 4 (2):13 24.[In Persian]
24. Dehghannezhad D, Hajhosseini M, Ejei J. The effectiveness of positive thinking skills training on social adjustment and psychological capital of insociable young females. J of school psychology. 2017;1(6): 161-168.[In Persian]
25. Bordbare taromsaraee GH. The Effectiveness of Thinking Skills Training on the Emotional, Educational, and Educational Adaptability of High School Girls in Veteran Families. Master Thesis in Family Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran. 2011. [In Persian]
26. Chaing Y, Shih H, Lin D, Lee C. Effectiveness of a Mind Training and Positive Psychology Program on Coping Skills in Schoolchildren in Taiwan. J of Child and Adolescent Behavior. 2015; 3(5): 246-253.
27. Almasi A, Hatami F, Sharifi A, Ahmadijouybari T, Kaviannezhad R, Ebrahimzadeh F. Effectiveness of stress coping skills training on the resiliency of mothers of handicapped children. SJKU. 2016; 21 (2): 34-42. [In Persian]
28. Simons J, Gaher R. The Distress Tolerance Scale: Development an validation of a self-report measure. Motivation and Emotion. 2005; 29 (3): 83-102. [DOI:10.1007/s11031-005-7955-3]
29. Ismaili Nasab, M, Andamekhoshk A, Halee A, Samar rokhe A. The predictive role of difficulty in regulating excitement and tolerance in students' addiction. Addiction Research Quarterly. 2014; 8 (29): 50-63.[In Persian]
30. Seligman ME, Steen TA, park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress. J of American psychologist. 2005; 5 (4): 410-421. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410]
31. Lee V, Cohe SR. Meaning-making intervention during breast or colorectal cancer treatment improves self-esteem, optimism, and self-efficacy. Social Science & Medicine. 2010; 3(1): 250-314.
32. Ma HK. Social competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review. The Scientific World Journal. 2012; 20(12): 287-472. [DOI:10.1100/2012/287472]
33. Karademas EC. Self-efficacy, Social support, and well-being: The mediating role of optimism. Personality and Individual Differences. 2006; 40 (1): 1281-1290. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2005.10.019]
34. Karademas E C, Konstantions K, Sideridis G D. Optimism, self-efficacy,and information processing of threat -and well-being- related stimuli. Stress and Health. 2007; 23 (8): 285-294. [DOI:10.1002/smi.1147]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Scientific Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedical Faculty

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb