Volume 4, Issue 4 (Spring 2019)                   SJNMP 2019, 4(4): 46-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorbani, Ghorbani M, Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Dalvand S, Moradi B, Faramarzi P et al . Evaluation of Self-medication and Related Factors in Elderly Population of Sanandaj, Iran. SJNMP. 2019; 4 (4) :46-57
URL: http://sjnmp.muk.ac.ir/article-1-188-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , Rezaghanei30@yahoo.com
4- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (139 Views)
Background & Aim: Self-medication is the most common form of self-care, which is affected by social and cultural factors. Due to underlying physical and mental diseases, the elderly people are more prone to use self-medication, compared to other age groups. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate self-medication and related factors in the elderly population of Sanandaj, Iran.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive and analytical cross-sectional research was performed on 275 elderly people in Sanandaj in 2018. Subjects were selected through convenience sampling, and data were collected using the researcher-made questionnaire of self-medication. In addition, data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Chi-square, and logistic regression. Moreover, P-value of 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this study, 28.5% of the elderly subjects used self-medication in the past three months. According to the results, there was a correlation between being employed (P=0.004) and living with the spouse and children (P=0.047) with self-medication. Some of the most important causes of self-medication among the elderly population included financial problems and difficulties in scheduling doctor appointments. Furthermore, the most commonly used drugs were analgesics (43.1%), cold tablets (26.4%) and cardiovascular drugs (20.8%).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, there was a high prevalence rate of self-medication among the elderly population. Considering the damages caused by self-medication, designing specific education programs for the elderlies seems essential.
Full-Text [PDF 432 kb]   (68 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/11/9 | Revised: 2019/06/30 | Accepted: 2018/12/14

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